For data exchange in a LAN SMB (Server Message Block) protocol is used. It’s a network application layer protocol for remote access to files, printers and other network resources, and also for interprocess communication. In ICS CUBE the “Network neighborhood” service is responsible for implementing this protocol.
The “Network neighborhood” module is located in “Fileserver” menu. This module is designed to configure and manage the remote access and contains four tabs: “Network neighborhood”, “Authentication”, “Shared resources” and “Log”.
On the “Network neighborhood” tab you can see status of this service and the “Disable” button (or “Enable”, if the module is disabled) and last log messages.
This tab is designed to determine the operating mode of the ICS CUBE in the local network of the enterprise.
The “Computer name” field is responsible for assigning a NetBIOS network name for the server.
The “Automatically create a permitting rule” checkbox creates permitting rule in the firewall to access shared resources from external networks.
ICS CUBE can be in the working group or be joined to the domain:
Important! Users with a “\” in the login will not be able to log in (for example, domain).|
Important! Only domain Users are authorized.|
When you select the “Workgroup” mode, the field for entering the name of the group is activated.
When you select the “Domain” mode, a block of fields is activated for connecting to the domain controller. There are: “Domain name” and “DNS name of domain” fields, and also the “Create DNS forward zone” checkbox with the “DNS forward server” field.
The “Sign SMB requests” checkbox is responsible for signing using SMB.
SMB Signing is a security mechanism for the SMB protocol, also called security signatures. SMB signing is designed to enhance the security of the SMB protocol. May not be supported by older operating systems (Win98, WinXP).
After clicking the “Join” button, the ICS CUBE will apply the selected role in the network environment. If the “Domain” mode is selected, the server will request a username and password of a user with administrator rights to join the domain.
Attention: in order for the ICS CUBE to join the domain and exchange data with the controller, it is necessary that the server-controller of the domain be included in the list of users of the ICS CUBE, and its authorization should go to the IP-address. It is also necessary that the ICS CUBE use the DNS of the domain controller.
After trying to connect to the domain, a message about the successful or unsuccessful result will appear under the field with the domain name.
The “Shared resources” tab designed to manage shared resources placed on ICS CUBE.
For adding a shared resource you need to press the “Add” button. In the opened window you should fill in a required fields - the “Resource name” and the “Source”, and the optional field - the “Description”.
The “Source” is the directory from the structure of the ICS CUBE file storage, in which the contents of the shared resources will be located.
If necessary, it is possible to create a new folder in the directory.
The “Description” is intended for a brief description of the resource, which will be displayed in the list of shared resources, as well as in the file storage next to the corresponding folder.
The “Access permissions” tree determines the list of users who have read and write access to this resource.
The “Guest login” checkbox allows viewing and writing by any source.
It is worth noting that if ICS CUBE is joined to a domain, it will only authorize domain users.
Note 1: network environment only works with logins written without the use of capital letters (if the ICS CUBE is not joined to the domain).
Note 2: feature of the samba application does not allow you to use the “root” as a login.
The “Log” tab displays a summary of all system messages of the corresponding servers with the date and time. The log is divided into pages, using the “forward” and “back” buttons it is possible to go from page to page, or enter the number of the desired page.
Log entries are highlighted in color depending on the type of message. Normal system messages are marked in white, system status messages (on / off, user connection) are green, warnings are yellow, errors are red.
In the upper right corner of the log is a search bar. And the ability to select the period for displaying the event log. By default, the log displays events for the current date. If necessary, you can save the log data to a file by clicking the “Export” button or delete the log data for a certain period by clicking the “Delete logs” button.